Legal Precedent, the CIO/CISO Remit, and Indian Affairs

Q. Have you spent much time at the U.S. government's Bureau of Indian Affairs web site lately?

A. No.

I didn't think so. Because, when you go to it's not there. According to a recent news story that may be about to change, but don't hold your breathe. There hasn't been a web server at for most of the past 7 years. Why? The short answer, which I consider to be highly instructive to Chief Information Officers and Chief Information Security Officers everywhere--inside the government and out--is this: "Because the judge just said No."

Allow me to elaborate. Back in 2001 a judge told the BIA to take its site off the Internet because it was not secure. And, in a judgment that strikes me as a brilliant application of commonsense, he added: "Don't put it back until it's secure."

How does a judge determine if a web site is secure? The same way that the Federal Trade Commission does: submit it to examination by an objective, independent third-party who is suitably qualified, such as a CISSP (Certified Information System Security Professional). And that's what the BIA did, in 2003, and again in 2004. Basically, the BIA kept reworking its systems to try and achieve a standard that I like to call "secure enough." That means the site can withstand all of the obvious, predictable and realistically feasible attacks.

And that pretty much sums up the real world standard used by site like and For example, a site won't fail the "secure enough" standard just because it's encryption could be defeated by a brute force attack that would take $50 million super-computer to execute. A site will fail if it is found to be vulnerable to a known cross-site scripting attack or a SQL-injection hole that was patched six months ago.

Well now there is a Court Order permitting Internet reconnection for Indian Affairs and the agency is "on the path to full reconnection to the Internet." Note that this is not happening because the judge's security experts gave the site a clean bill of health. On the contrary, the United States District Court for the District of Columbia Circuit and agreed with the agency that the judge was out of line when he issued the Consent Order Regarding Information Technology Security that suspended the site back in December, 2001. So, the court gave permission for the "information technology systems of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), the Office of Hearing and Appeals (OHA), the Office of the Special Trustee for American Indians (OST), and the Office of Historical Trust Accounting (OHTA) to be reconnected to the Internet." It will be interesting to see how long that takes, and how secure the site proves to be, in a real 'real world' test.

In the meantime, companies might ponder how they would fare if all Web sites had to pass a security review before they were allowed to go live.

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